TRANSCEND INTERNATIONAL was founded August 1993 by Johan Galtung and Fumiko Nishimura as a conflict mediation organization. Dietrich Fischer, the former director of TRANSCEND University Press, joined soon after and in June 1995 Dietrich Fischer and Johan Galtung invited 11 others. By now TRANSCEND has more than 400 scholars-practitioners from more than 60 countries as members.